Archive Diabetes

Albumin Urine Test

Discusses a test that checks urine for a protein called albumin. Covers possible kidney damage and diabetes. Explains how test is done. Discusses normal and abnormal values from the test. Covers what affects the test.

Andy’s Story: Finding Your Own Routine When You Have Diabetes

Two years ago, when his doctor told him he had type 2 diabetes, Andy wasn’t surprised or even that worried. His blood sugar had been creeping up for the past few years. His doctor had even warned him to make some changes—to lose some weight and get more active. But he felt okay. If he was sick, he couldn’t tell. “I just…

Blood Glucose

Discusses blood glucose tests used to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes. Covers types of tests, including fasting blood sugar, 2-hour postprandial blood sugar, random blood sugar, and oral glucose tolerance. Discusses how to prepare and what results mean.

Blood Sugar Testing Times Form

If you have diabetes, talk with your health professional (if you haven’t already) about how often you need to test your blood sugar level. Use this form to record the times that you should test and when to call your health professional for blood sugar problems. Post the completed form in a convenient place to remind…

C-Peptide

Discusses C-peptide test, used to tell the difference between type 1 or type 2 diabetes, find the cause of hypoglycemia, or check whether a pancreas tumor (insulinoma) was completely removed. Discusses how the test is done and how to prepare for it.

Carbohydrate Foods

Foods containing carbohydrate are grouped into the following categories. The carbohydrate content is listed in grams (g). If you eat a larger portion, count it as more than one serving. One serving of carbohydrate has 15 grams of carbohydrate. Of course, not all foods contain exactly 15 grams of carbohydrate. Typically…

Care of Your Teeth and Gums When You Have Diabetes

People with diabetes have a greater risk for gum (periodontal) disease when blood sugar is high. And gum disease can cause higher blood sugar levels, which makes it hard to fight infection, including infections in the mouth. To help prevent dental problems, each day: Keep your blood sugar levels within your target…

Checklist for Shoes and Socks That Fit Well

If your feet require specially designed shoes, ask your insurance plan about covering the cost of the shoes. Medicare will cover foot exams and special (orthotic) shoes or shoe inserts. Some medical supply shops specialize in designing custom-fitted shoes for people with diabetes who have abnormally shaped feet or…

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