COVID-19: Everything You Need to Know

Worried about COVID-19? We all are. Here is a no-nonsense guide to staying healthy. And wash your hands!

Staying Healthy When You’re Away From Home

Crowded airplanes, lack of sleep, and exposure to new germs your body doesn’t know how to fight can make it hard to stay healthy when traveling. The recent outbreak of coronavirus in several countries is a good reminder to plan ahead so you don’t get sick. The most important step is to avoid passing germs around. Wash your hands regularly, wipe down surfaces on planes, and wear a mask if you’re coughing or sneezing. Traveling soon? Get more tips on how to stay healthy when you’re away from home.

The Best Way to Avoid Colds and Viruses (including COVID-19)

Germs can cause all sorts of illnesses, including coronavirus, the flu, and the common cold. Some of these viruses have been around for centuries, while others are new, but the best way to keep them from spreading is still the same: wash your hands. Scrub with soap and water for at least 20 seconds when you eat, prepare food, go to the bathroom, cough, sneeze, or touch animals. Keep hand sanitizer on your desk, in your car, or in your bag for times when you don’t have soap. Washing your hands may seem like a small thing, but it can keep you and the people around you safe and healthy.

What Are Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses are common—they are viruses that sometimes make people and animals sick. They usually spread the same way a regular cold or the flu does. Most people will recover, but in rare cases, viruses and colds can be dangerous. The best ways to keep germs from spreading are to wash your hands often, keep your hands away from your face, and stay home if you think you might be sick. Learn more about how to treat a cold yourself—and when to call a doctor.

Learn more about…

With the recent outbreak of coronavirus, staying healthy when traveling is more important than ever. Traveling soon? Get the scoop: Travel Health.

Old viruses or new, the best way to avoid the spread of many illnesses is the same: wash your hands!

Coronaviruses, colds, and the flu are no joke. Learn how to stay healthy and avoid spreading germs this season: colds.

Need more information? Check the CDC website for the most up-to-date details and guidance.

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COVID-19: Everything You Need to Know

Worried about COVID-19? We all are. Here is a no-nonsense guide to staying healthy. And wash your hands! Staying Healthy When You’re Away From Home Crowded airplanes, lack of sleep, and exposure to new germs your body doesn’t know how to fight can make it hard to stay...

Best diabetes hospital

What is the best doctor to treat diabetes?

Endocrinologists

Endocrinologists are specialists in hormonal problems and know the glands that produce these hormones. These specialists are very suitable in treating diabetes as this disease is given by the pancreas’ lack of production (which is a gland) and insulin (which is a hormone). The pancreas produces the insulin we need to regulate blood sugar. When a person has diabetes, the pancreas either does not produce insulin or does not work properly. An endocrinologist treats especially patients with type 1 diabetes.

Dietician

A dietician can support people with diabetes to find a diet that fits their lifestyle. The dietician can advise you on:

  • Nutrients you need
  • Best sources of these nutrients
  • How to get these nutrients throughout the day
  • How to manage portions
  • How to successfully measure blood sugar

Dietitians can also train people in self-management skills to:

  • Test your blood sugar at home
  • Administer injections
  • Manage high or low blood sugar

What is worse, type 1 or 2 diabetes?

No type of diabetes is more severe than another. Both types of diabetes greatly increase the patient’s risk of experiencing some serious complications. Specifically, they can cause blindness and kidney failure. It can also cause heart disease, strokes, and amputations of feet or legs.

Let’s see what the main differences are.

Type 1 diabetes
It affects 10 in 100 people who have diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, ultimately eliminating the body’s insulin production. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb the sugar they need for energy.

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes affects 95 out of 100 people with the condition. In type 2 diabetes, the body cannot use insulin and has what is called: insulin resistance. As this type of diabetes worsens, the pancreas can produce less insulin, causing the patient to lack insulin.

What is the new cure for diabetes?

1. Stop the immune attack.
To stop type 1 diabetes, we need to stop the immune system’s attack on beta cells.
This means that people could be prevented from developing type 1 diabetes in the future. Scientists have tested some immunotherapies in people at high risk of getting type 1 diabetes and have delayed the condition’s onset for a few months.

The treatments tested so far can preserve the number of insulin people make and improve blood sugar control. But the protective effects appear to diminish over time. Work is now underway to understand how to combine immunotherapies to target different immune system parts and have a greater impact.

2. Replacement of beta cells
For people who already have type 1 diabetes, a combination of different treatments could be a cure. The first step is to replace the beta cells that have been destroyed by the immune system so that people with type 1 diabetes can produce enough insulin again.

There are already cell transplants taken from donors. But they stop working overtime, and there is a limited number of donated pancreases available. Scientists are now working to create an unlimited supply of beta cells in the lab.

Cells created in the laboratory were implanted in animals. These have had excellent results, but the duration of these effects is not yet known. More recently, researchers in Canada and the United States have switched to testing transplants in people with type 1 diabetes. Transplants are safe, and they are currently testing whether they can improve the amount of insulin produced.

3. Beta-cell protection
Once the beta cells are transplanted, they must be protected. The immune system of the person with diabetes will try to destroy it. One way to prevent this from happening is to retrain the immune system, so it doesn’t attack the pancreas.

Another method could be to transplant the beta cells into a protective barrier with the system that is called: beta-cell encapsulation. This barrier would allow beta cells to detect blood glucose levels and leave behind important nutrients they need to survive but prevent immune cells from attacking.

 

 

 

 

Best hospital for mouth cancer

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Overview

Oral cancer develops in the mouth or throat tissues and is part of a larger group of cancers called head and neck cancers. Most cases develop in squamous cells found in the mouth, tongue, and lips. In the United States, more than 49,000 cases of oral cancer are diagnosed each year. This type of cancer mostly affects people over the age of 40.

Types of oral cancer

Oral cancers include cancers of:

  • Lips
  • Tongue
  • The inner lining of the cheek
  • Gums
  • The floor of the mouth
  • The hard and soft palate

 

Risk Factors

There are essentially two risk factors for oral cancer:

  • Smoke
  • Alcohol

Those who consume large amounts of both are at a higher risk of getting mouth cancer.

Other risk factors can be:

  • human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • chronic sun exposure of the face
  • a previous diagnosis of oral cancer
  • a family history of oral or other cancer
  • a weakened immune system
  • poor nutrition
  • genetic syndromes

 

What are the symptoms of oral cancer?

The symptoms of mouth cancer are different, unfortunately, it is difficult to distinguish which ones are attributable to this type of cancer or to other types of malaise. Symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • a sore on your lip or mouth that won’t heal
  • a mass or growth anywhere in your mouth
  • bleeding from the mouth
  • loose teeth
  • pain or difficulty in swallowing
  • problems wearing dentures
  • a knot in the neck
  • an earache that won’t go away
  • dramatic weight loss
  • numbness of the lower lip, face, neck, or chin
  • white, red, and white or red patches in or on the mouth or lips
  • sore throat
  • pain or stiffness in the jaw
  • pain in the tongue

Some of these symptoms, such as the sore throat or earache, may indicate other conditions. See a doctor when these symptoms don’t go away, or you have more than one at a time.

How is oral cancer diagnosed?

The diagnosis of mouth cancer involves several steps and very often includes a series of tests that aim to identify if it is really cancer and if it has spread.

First, a close examination of the mouth’s roof and floor, back of the throat, tongue, and cheeks, and lymph nodes in the neck are done. In some cases, if your doctor is unsure of your diagnosis, you may be referred to a specialist. Once an abnormality is detected in the mouth, a brush biopsy or tissue biopsy will be performed.

In some cases, further tests are also carried out to evaluate other parts of the body, such as

  • X-rays This is aimed at investigating whether cancer cells have spread to the jaw, chest, or lungs
  • CT scan reveals if there are tumors throughout the body.
  • PET scan to show if cancer has traveled to the lymph nodes or other organs
  • MRI scan to get a more accurate picture of the head and neck and determine the extent or stage of the cancer

 

Can oral cancer be cured without surgery?

Yes, it depends on where the cancer is located. Mouth cancer in many cases can be treated in the following ways:

Radiotherapy

This therapy involves bombarding the tumor with radiation once or twice a day, five days a week, for two to eight weeks. For more advanced cancers, this should be combined with chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy

Treatment that kills cancer cells. The medicine is given to you orally or intravenously. Most people get chemotherapy in the office.

Targeted therapy

This therapy requires therapeutic medicine to bind to specific proteins on cancer cells and hinder their proliferation.